The Arusha National Park covers an area of 137 square kilometers makes one of the small National Parks in Tanzania. The indigenous and the outsiders visit the Park for a day trip due to its easy accessibility although it wealth much to spend more days. Arusha National Park is located outside the Arusha city about 12 kilometers from Arusha–Kilimanjaro main road. The park’s altitude, varying from 1,500 meters to more than 4,500 meters and has a variety of vegetation areas supporting numerous animals and birds species.
Among others, the primarily visit of the Arusha National Park is to climb the less snow and the second highest Mountain in Tanzania (Mountain Meru 4,566 m) as a acclimatization for three days before the Kilimanjaro bid. Arusha National Park has a lot to offer including walking safari and a friendly view of keen bird watchers to the Momela Lakes and Ngurdoto Crater. The species of birds found in Momela Lakes and Ngurdoto crater do differ due to the vegetation of these places provided that they are separated by a narrow corridor of the land.
The flocks of flamingos’ and pelicans birds are found in the Momela Lakes with other different species more than 400 are recorded. The animals found in the park include buffaloes, elephants, hyenas, zebras, giraffes, waterbucks, klipspringers, black and white colobus monkeys. Others animals found in the park are dik-diks, baboons, mongooses, velvets monkeys. Formally the park was having rhinos but they vanished after a longtime hunting and a black market of its products abroad.
The park name originates from the River Tarangire that cross the park been derived from Maasai language who inhabits the area. The river has its potential to the birdlife and wildlife during the dry season as it acts as guardian to thousands of mammals grazing around it.
Tarangire is home to different species of birdlife about 300 are recorded to date. Tarangire is famous for its tree-climbing Pythons and the Baobabs trees dominating the park. Normally Baobabs trees are the best plants for food to the elephants during the dry season as they hold a large quantity of water. The trees grow in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid tropical climates and hold up to 300 liters of water.
Tarangire National Park lies to the south of large open grass plains of southern Maasai land, rolling savannah, floodplains and acacia parkland about 157 kilometers west north of Arusha city covering approximately 2,600 kilometers squares along Arusha-Singida road. The park’s elephants are famous for their ritual ceremonies around the chosen baobab tree. Common wild mammals include zebras, buffaloes, giraffes, waterbucks, hartebeests, gazelles, Oryx, wildebeests, hartebeests, elands, lesser kudus, gazelles, sporadic leopard, and impalas.
The vegetation of Lake Manyara ranging from savanna to marshes and acacia woodland with many trees makes the park famous for its birdlife. More than 400 species are recorded including the yellow-billed storks, pink-backed pelicans, marabou storks, and grey herons into this alkaline Lake.
Lake Manyara National Park is located in the northern part of Tanzania contiguous to the north by Ngorongoro crater and west by Tarangire National Park and the dramatic western escarpment of the African Rift Valley. Covers an area of 330 square kilometers two third of it is a wetland from small hot springs (Maji Moto) to the Lake Manyara with an internal drainage system with no outlet making a home to numerous hippos mammals, easily access of tree climbing lions and flock of flamingoes.
Other mammals found in the park include elephants, buffalo, giraffes, impala, waterbuck, bushbuck, wildebeest, zebras, and leopards. The species of birds found in Momela Lakes and Ngurdoto crater do differ due to the vegetation of these places provided that they are separated by a narrow corridor of the land. The flocks of flamingos’ and pelicans birds are found in the Momela Lakes with other different species more than 400 are recorded.
The animals found in the park include buffaloes, elephants, hyenas, zebras, giraffes, waterbucks, klipspringers, black and white colobus monkeys. Others animals found in the park are dik-diks, baboons, mongooses, velvets monkeys. Formally the park was having rhinos but they vanished after a longtime hunting and a black market of its products abroad.
The (caldera) crater is one of the few natural places in East Africa for sighting the rare African black rhino in their natural setting. With its unbroken and unfolded walls Ngorongoro crater acts as a refugee camp for wildebeests and zebras during the great migration in Serengeti National Park. Scientifically the formation of this volcanic depression is caldera but traditionally it has been booked as the crater.
Ngorongoro crater is located between Manyara and Serengeti National Parks respectively. The crater covers an area of 250 square kilometers and a depth of 600 meters above the level of surrounding area. Within the crater a large population of thousands of wild mammals and reptiles. The mammals include Thomson’s gazelles, zebras, wildebeests, elephants, buffaloes, lions, and reedbucks.
Lake Magadi is an ideal place to view hippos and birds of different species including Goliath, flamingos, and pelicans more than 300 species are recorded. Ngorongoro crater is just a part of Ngorongoro
conservation area (NCA) with other famous areas of Mountain Ol’doinyo Lengai, Lake Natron, Embakaai crater, Lake Embakaai, Oldupai Gorge, Lerai forest and other highlands. Ngorongoro Conservation Area: Spanning vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, woodlands, and forests, the area was established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife co-existing with the Maasai. It includes Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera, and Olduvai Gorge, a 14 km (8mi) long deep ravine. A large population of animals lives in the crater, including the endangered black rhinoceros, wildebeest, zebras and gazelles.
Serengeti National Park is adjacent to Maasai Mara in Kenya separated by a river. Away 320 kilometers from Arusha city, the park covers an area of 14,763 square Kilometers makes it the biggest National Park in Tanzania with numerous different kinds of wild animals. The vegetation of the park stretch from plain low grasses with dotted leave fewer trees. One of the most breathtaking events in the animal kingdom is the migration of thousands of zebras, wildebeest, accompanied by Thomson’s gazelles and Elands to the contiguous Maasai Mara Game Reserve in Kenya and Ngorongoro conservation area respectively.
THE GREAT MIGRATION of these animals is to search for the better grazing and water. Researchers have learned that these herbivores take a lot of water and greens and they can’t stay for long without both. So during the dry seasons in Serengeti National Park, these animals act as refugees to the nearby game
reserve and national parks. This happens every same time of the year with its famous routes of northern and western corridors of the park. Other mammals found in Serengeti include giraffes, lions, hippos, cheetahs, klipspringers, warthogs, topi, impalas, Thomson’s and Grant’s gazelles, and elands.